History of Salsa
Salsa is one of the most dynamic and important musical phenomena of the 1900s, and remains the most popular style of music in many Hispanic countries, but its primary component is Cuban dance music. The roots of salsa originated in Eastern Cuba from the Cuban Son around 1920. Spanish and Afro-Cuban musical elements were combined both in terms of rhythm and the instruments used. In the 1940s, Cuban musicians had a huge influence on the New York music scene, and developed their own style using Puerto Rican influences. The current New York Salsa style is called Mambo or Salsa on 2. It is a blend of Puerto Rican Salsa and Latin Hustle with the break on the second beat of the clave. LA style Salsa incorporates Latin Ballroom with Puerto Rican Salsa, using moves that were invented locally that reflect cultural reality. Colombian Salsa sounds are called Salsa Dura - Hard Salsa, which tends to be a fast rhythm with tight spins and fast footwork. The West Africans recognized something familiar in the music with many slaves being transported from their homeland to Cuba, and used the roots in the rhythms to develop in the new world. West African style is called Mbalax, which is more African based than Latin, using the Tama (Talking Drum). They concentrate on tricky footwork combinations often called shines. The contemporary Salsa sound from Cuba is called Timba, which blends reggae and Hip Hop with Salsa. They concentrate on body movement, which derived from Afro-Cuban Rumba. They call their style Casino where the man moves around the woman in a circular dynamic commonly known as Cuban salsa, rather than the North American style being danced on a line known toady as LA cross. Rueda started in the 1950s in Havana, using popular dance moves as a group in a circle. each move has a name, which the elected leader calls out, and partners are exchanged which looks dynamic. Traditional instruments used in Salsa include the Congos, Bongos, Bass, Piano, Tres, Horns, Claves, Guiro, Maracas, Timbales, Flute, Saxophone, Violin and Jam Block.
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